Sexual Violence

2016 Nov 17

Webinar with UN Women, “Masculinities and Violence Against Women and Girls”

4:15pm to 5:30pm

Location: 

Room 105, Suite 160, 124 Mt. Auburn Street, Cambridge, MA 02138

Join the Harvard Kennedy School's Gender Policy Union and UN Women for a webinar on masculinities and violence against women and girls. The topic will focus on how gender awareness training can be used to work on toxic masculinity in the context of gender-based violence. … Read more about Webinar with UN Women, “Masculinities and Violence Against Women and Girls”

2016 Sep 15

Protection from Gender Violence as a Civil Right: The Role of Public Enforcement, Private Action, and Competing Criminal Justice Priorities

11:40am to 1:00pm

Location: 

WAPPP Cason Seminar Room, Taubman 102

Kristin Bumiller, George Daniel Olds Professor in Economic and Social Institutions; Chair of Political Science, Amherst College

In this seminar, the recent efforts by the Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights (OCR) to enforce Title IX policy are considered in the broader context of unsuccessful attempts to establish protection of sexual violence as a civil right in the United States. OCR enforcement has stimulated both praise for its bold determination to address an epidemic of sexual violence on college campuses and criticism for its capacious exercise… Read more about Protection from Gender Violence as a Civil Right: The Role of Public Enforcement, Private Action, and Competing Criminal Justice Priorities

2016 Sep 08

Rape During Civil War

11:40am to 1:00pm

Location: 

WAPPP Cason Seminar Room, Taubman 102

Dara Kay Cohen, WAPPP Faculty Affiliate; Assistant Professor of Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School

Rape is common during wartime, but even within the context of the same war, some armed groups perpetrate rape on a massive scale while others never do. In this seminar, Dara Kay Cohen discusses her new book, Rape during Civil War, and examines variation in the severity and perpetrators of rape using an original dataset of reported rape during all major civil wars from 1980 to 2012… Read more about Rape During Civil War

Cohen, Dara Kay. Rape During Civil War. Cornell University Press, 2016. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Rape is common during wartime, but even within the context of the same war, some armed groups perpetrate rape on a massive scale while others never do. In Rape during Civil War, Dara Kay Cohen examines variation in the severity and perpetrators of rape using an original dataset of reported rape during all major civil wars from 1980 to 2012. Cohen also conducted extensive fieldwork, including interviews with perpetrators of wartime rape, in three postconflict counties, finding that rape was widespread in the civil wars of the Sierra Leone and Timor-Leste but was far less common during El Salvador's civil war.

Cohen argues that armed groups that recruit their fighters through the random abduction of strangers use rape—and especially gang rape—to create bonds of loyalty and trust between soldiers. The statistical evidence confirms that armed groups that recruit using abduction are more likely to perpetrate rape than are groups that use voluntary methods, even controlling for other confounding factors. Important findings from the fieldwork—across cases—include that rape, even when it occurs on a massive scale, rarely seems to be directly ordered. Instead, former fighters describe participating in rape as a violent socialization practice that served to cut ties with fighters’ past lives and to signal their commitment to their new groups. Results from the book lay the groundwork for the systematic analysis of an understudied form of civilian abuse. The book will also be useful to policymakers and organizations seeking to understand and to mitigate the horrors of wartime rape.

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