Entrepreneurship and Financial Inclusion

2015 Mar 06

Cash Transfers as Basic Income: A Transformative Approach to Attack Poverty in India

12:00pm to 1:00pm

Location: 

Malkin Penthouse

Presenter:

Renana Jhabvala, Chairperson, SEWA- Bharat/India

Chair:

Prof. Abhijit Banerjee, MIT and Co-founder J-Pal

Social policy in India is at a critical juncture. In that context, recently SEWA has been conducting pilot unconditional cash transfer “basic income” schemes, in which thousands of men, women and children have been receiving cash payments in their bank accounts, paid individually each month. The research has been compiled into a book based on the evaluation of the results, based on a modified randomized control trial methodology, covering 22...

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Klugman, Jeni, and Sarah Twigg. “Gender at Work in Africa: Legal Constraints and Opportunities for Reform”. Oxford Human Rights Hub 3 (2015). Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Expanding women’ s economic opportunities is critical for meeting the obligations laid out in major human rights conventions and for enhancing countries’ development prospects and eliminating poverty. Realising the potential of all people contributes to productivity and a more resilient society. This matters at the national, community, family and individual levels. As a recent qualitative study of women and men in 20 countries across the world concludes, “women’s ability to work for pay... may be one of the most visible and game-changing events in the life of modern households and all communities.

2015 Apr 16

Pursuing Diversity in the Legal Market

11:40am to 1:00pm

Location: 

WAPPP Cason Seminar Room, T-102

Paola Cecchi-Dimeglio, Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Program on Negotiation, Harvard Law School; WAPPP Fellow, 2012-2014

Over the years the number of women attending law school has significantly increased. This however has not yet led to a proportional increase in female leaders in the legal profession. It raises the question of why this gender gap still exists even if the pipeline seems to provide sufficient numbers of talented women with the potential to rise to leadership positions in legal education and in the legal profession. To delve into this question, we...

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2015 Feb 12

Voice and Agency: Empowering Women and Girls for Shared Prosperity

11:40am to 1:00pm

Location: 

WAPPP Cason Seminar Room, T-102

Jeni Klugman, WAPPP Fellow; Former Director, Gender and Development, The World Bank

The constraints facing women and girls worldwide range from epidemic levels of gender-based violence to biased laws and norms that prevent them from owning property, working, and making decisions about their own lives. The World Bank’s new book, ...

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Carr, Marilyn, Martha A Chen, and Jane Tate. “Globalization and Home-Based Workers”. Feminist Economics 63 (2000): , 6, 3, 123-142. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Globalization presents threats to and opportunities for women working in the informal sector. The paper, which draws on the work of Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO) Global Markets Program and of HomeNet, focuses on women home-based workers and analyzes, within the framework of global value-chains, the impact of globalization on labor relations and other market transactions. The chains reviewed are: manufactured goods (fashion garments); agricultural products (nontraditional exports); and nontimber forest products (shea butter). The paper shows how this form of analysis helps to identify the uneven distribution of power and returns within the chains – between rich and poor and between women and men. It concludes by emphasizing the importance of the work of the Self-Employed Women's Association (SEWA), HomeNet, and StreetNet in organizing home-based workers, both locally and internationally, as well as that of WIEGO in supporting them.

Chen, Martha, Joann Vanek, and James Heintz. “Informality, Gender and Poverty: A Global Picture”. Economic and Political Weekly 41.121 (2006): , 41, 121, 2131-2139. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

This paper seeks to focus attention on the challenge of decent work for the
working poor in the informal economy. The findings presented here are based on recent analyses of national data in a cross-section of developing countries. The data illustrate the multi-segmented structure of the labour force - both formal and informal - and the average earnings and poverty risk associated with working in the different segments. Special attention is paid to the differential location of the working poor, both women and men, in multi segmented labour markets. The paper argues that there is a need to reorient economic policies to promote more and better employment in order to reduce poverty; improve national employment statistics to capture all forms of informal employment; rethink economic models of labour markets to incorporate self-employment and all forms of waged labour; and increase the representative voice of workers - especially informal workers,
both women and men- in the processes and institutions that determine economic policies and formulate the "rules of the (economic) game

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