Research Fellow 2014-2015

Prügl, Elisabeth. “Neoliberalism with a Feminist Face: Crafting a New Hegemony at the World Bank”. Feminist Economics 23.1 (2016): , 23, 1, 30-53. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract


Neoliberalism has been discredited as a result of proliferating crises (financial, ecological, care) and mounting inequality. This paper examines the growing research on gender at the World Bank as a site for the construction of a new hegemonic consensus around neoliberalism. Drawing on a computer-assisted inductive analysis of thirty-four Bank publications on gender since 2001, the paper documents Bank efforts to establish a positive relationship between gender equality and growth; shows the expansion of the Bank’s definition of equality as equal opportunity; illustrates how the focus on institutions has enabled engagement with core feminist concerns, such as equality in the family; and traces how incorporating notions of women’s empowerment and agency has made possible a focus on domestic violence. The paper concludes by emphasizing the ambiguous effects of the Bank’s new neoliberalism, which continues to use the market as the arbiter of social values while providing openings for feminist agendas.


Brescoll, Victoria L, and Eric Luis Uhlmann. “Can an Angry Woman Get Ahead? Status Conferral, Gender, and Expression of Emotion in the Workplace.”. Psychological Science 19.3 (2008): , 19, 3, 268-275. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Three studies examined the relationships among anger, gender, and status conferral. As in prior research, men who expressed anger in a professional context were conferred higher status than men who expressed sadness. However, both male and female evaluators conferred lower status on angry female professionals than on angry male professionals. This was the case regardless of the actual occupational rank of the target, such that both a female trainee and a female CEO were given lower status if they expressed anger than if they did not. Whereas women's emotional reactions were attributed to internal characteristics (e.g., “she is an angry person,” “she is out of control”), men's emotional reactions were attributed to external circumstances. Providing an external attribution for the target person's anger eliminated the gender bias. Theoretical implications and practical applications are discussed.

Clayton, Amanda, Cecilia Josefsson, and Vibeke Wang. “Present Without Presence? Gender, Quotas and Debate Recognition in the Ugandan Parliament”. Representation 50.3 (2014): , 50, 3, 379-392. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

This article charts a new direction in gender quota research by examining whether female legislators in general, and quota recipients in particular, are accorded respect and authority in plenary debates. We measure this recognition in relation to the number of times an individual member of parliament (MP) is referred to by name in plenary debates. We use a unique dataset from the Ugandan parliament to assess the determinants of MP name recognition in plenary debates over an eight-year period (2001–08). Controlling for other possible determinants of MP recognition, we find that women elected to reserved seats are significantly less recognised in plenary debates over time as compared to their male and female colleagues in open seats.

Clayton, Amanda. “Women's Political Engagement Under Quota-Mandated Female Representation Evidence From a Randomized Policy Experiment”. Comparative Political Studies 48.3 (2015): , 48, 3, 333-369. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Do affirmative action measures for women in politics change the way constituents view and interact with their female representatives? A subnational randomized policy experiment in Lesotho with single-member districts reserved for female community councilors provides causal evidence to this question. Using survey data, I find that having a quota-mandated female representative either has no effect on or actuallyreduces several dimensions of women’s self-reported engagement with local politics. In addition, implications from the policy experiment suggest that the quota effect is not accounted for by differences in qualifications or competence between the different groups of councilors, but rather stems from citizens’ negative reactions to the quota’s design.

Klugman, Jeni. “Women's health and human rights: Public spending on health and the military one decade after the African Women’s Protocol”. African Human Rights Law Journal 14.2 (2014): , 14, 2, 705 - 734. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract

The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa has been hailed for its efforts to promote women’s health and rights.. The Protocol has now been signed and ratified by approximately two-thirds of African Union member states, from the most populous and largest to the smallest countries on the continent. The Protocol envisages major steps to improve the status of women on the continent, from economic opportunities and food security through to marriage and the rights of widows. This article seeks to contribute to the emerging literature on gender, health and rights, by exploring how government commitments to the health mandates of the Women’s Protocol have transpired in practice, one decade after its enactment, with a focus on resource allocations. The article’s scope includes a review of why sexual and reproductive rights matter, intrinsically, as rights, and evidence about their instrumental importance for development. Available evidence about status and trends in women’s health in Africa is presented, highlighting some advances as well as major shortcomings. This is the important empirical background against which to explore the human rights obligations of African states on this front, in particular the right to sexual and reproductive health and the potential contribution of the African Women’s Protocol. New analysis is undertaken of the extent to which governments have responded to the Protocol’s specific mandates with respect to military spending and social development, which suggests some promising trends. The conclusions highlight the finding that resource allocations in favour of health have significantly improved in countries that have ratified the Protocol, while underlining the importance of appropriate indicators and monitoring, and actions to ensure state accountability.

Klugman, Jeni. Voice and Agency: Empowering Women and Girls for Shared Prosperity. Washington, DC: World Bank Open Knowledge Repository, 2014. Web. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The 2012 report recognized that expanding women's agency - their ability to make decisions and take advantage of opportunities is key to improving their lives as well as the world. This report represents a major advance in global knowledge on this critical front. The vast data and thousands of surveys distilled in this report cast important light on the nature of constraints women and girls continue to face globally. This report identifies promising opportunities and entry points for lasting transformation, such as interventions that reach across sectors and include life-skills training, sexual and reproductive health education, conditional cash transfers, and mentoring. It finds that addressing what the World Health Organization has identified as an epidemic of violence against women means sharply scaling up engagement with men and boys. The report also underlines the vital role information and communication technologies can play in amplifying women's voices, expanding their economic and learning opportunities, and broadening their views and aspirations. The World Bank Group's twin goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity demand no less than the full and equal participation of women and men, girls and boys, around the world.
Alexandra  van Geen

Alexandra van Geen

Assistant Professor, Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University, Netherlands
WAPPP Fellow

Alexandra van Geen is an assistant professor at the Finance department of Erasmus School of Economics in the Netherlands. During her PhD program at Harvard, she was a Presidential Fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School, recipient of the Jane Mansbridge research award, and a research fellow at the Women and Public Policy Program. Her current fellowship focuses on gender, familiarity, and the stock market.... Read more about Alexandra van Geen

Elisabeth  Prügl

Elisabeth Prügl

Professor of International Relations; Director, Programme on Gender and Global Change, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva
WAPPP Fellow

Elisabeth Prügl is professor of international relations at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva where she also directs the Institute’s Programme on Gender and Global Change. Her research topic is Feminism Triumphant and Tamed: Understanding the Legacies of Mainstreaming.... Read more about Elisabeth Prügl

Albena  Neschen

Albena Neschen

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of Management, University of Cologne; Professor for Business Ethics and Human Resource Management, University of Applied Sciences (FHDW), Germany
WAPPP Fellow

Albena Neschen is a research scientist at the University of Cologne and professor of business ethics at the University of Applied Science in Bergisch Gladbach, Germany. As part of her fellowship, Albena is evaluating whether quotas lead to a biased evaluation of women as members of the boards of business corporations.... Read more about Albena Neschen

Liza  Mügge

Liza Mügge

Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Amsterdam
WAPPP Fellow

Liza Mügge is an assistant professor in the political science department at the University of Amsterdam, associate director of the Amsterdam Research Centre for Gender & Sexuality (ARC-GS) and co-convenor of the Standing Group Gender & Politics of the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR). Her research looks at the role of gender and ethnicity in parliamentary representation.... Read more about Liza Mügge

Zoe Marks

Zoe Marks

Lecturer in Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School
2013-2015 WAPPP Fellow

Zoe Marks is a Lecturer in Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School. Her research and teaching interests focus on the intersections of conflict and political violence; race, gender and inequality; peacebuilding; and African politics.... Read more about Zoe Marks

Jeni Klugman

Jeni Klugman

Managing Director, Georgetown Institute for Women Peace and Security
WAPPP Fellow

Jeni Klugman is a fellow at the Kennedy School of Government’s Women in Public Policy Program at Harvard University and Managing Director, Georgetown Institute for Women Peace and Security.

... Read more about Jeni Klugman

Margaret  Jenkins

Margaret Jenkins

Postdoctoral Fellow, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
WAPPP Fellow

Margaret is a postdoctoral fellow at the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and a research associate at the Institute of Women, Peace and Security at Georgetown University. Her research looks at all-women contingents on the front lines of peace and security.... Read more about Margaret Jenkins

Pinar Fletcher

Pinar Fletcher

Ph.D. Candidate in Organizational Behavior, Harvard Business School
WAPPP Fellow

Pinar Fletcher is a doctoral candidate in organizational behavior at Harvard Business School working closely with WAPPP director, Iris Bohnet, and affiliated faculty, Max Bazerman and Kathleen McGinn. Her research focuses on judgment and decision making.... Read more about Pinar Fletcher