Intern 2014

What Have We Learned About Gender From Candidate Choice Experiments? A Meta-analysis of 67 Factorial Survey Experiments

May 31, 2021

Candidate choice survey experiments in the form of conjoint or vignette experiments have become a standard part of the political science toolkit for understanding the effects of candidate characteristics on vote choice. We collect 67 such studies from all over the world and reanalyze them using a standardized approach. We find that the average effect of being a woman (relative to a man) is a gain of approximately 2 percentage points. We find some evidence of heterogeneity across contexts, candidates, and respondents. The difference is somewhat larger for white (versus black) candidates,...

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Susanne Schwarz

Susanne Schwarz

MPP 2015
Measuring "Rape Culture" Research Project, Harvard Kennedy School, Cambridge, MA

Susanne worked as an assistant for the research project "Causes and Consequences of Rape Culture: Global Evidence from News and Social Media" at the Harvard Kennedy School. She developed a laboratory experiment in Kenya by conducting independent research complementary to the larger project on rape culture. The experiment will serve two purposes: first, it will test whether rape culture in the media is apparent to readers in the ways that are often assumed, and second, it will examine whether and how rape culture affects behaviors and attitudes towards sexual violence. Over the summer, Susanne’s plan is to create an experimental design, and develop and pre-test the materials needed for the laboratory setting. She then plans to implement the experiment overseas in the fall or winter of 2014, and use the data she collects to form the basis of her PAE project.

Ryan Cohen

JD-MPP (HLS-HKS), 2017
White House Domestic Policy Council, USA

Ryan worked with the White House Domestic Policy Council to advance the Obama administration's efforts to close the gender pay gap. She developed partnerships and conducted advocacy in support of the National Equal Pay Task Force's initiatives to help women recover lost wages, educate employees about their rights and inform employers of their obligations, and improve enforcement of equal pay laws. In addition, she advocated for the Paycheck Fairness and Employment Non-Discrimination Acts, which, if passed, would make it illegal for employers to pay unequal wages to men and women who perform equal work, and prohibit discrimination in pay and employment on the basis of gender identity and sexual orientation, respectively.

Kate  Wilkerson  Sturla

Kate Wilkerson Sturla

MPA/ID 2015
Ministry of Education, Lima, Peru

Kate worked at the Office of Strategic Planning in the Ministry of Education of Peru. She focused on a project to address gender gaps and other inequities in public education by applying innovative techniques to a Peruvian context. This involved conducting a literature review of studies on education and school reform from other developing countries, particularly India, analyzing data from Peru's annual National Student Assessment, and writing a final proposal with specific policy recommendations. Her focus was on improving the quality of instruction in public schools, with a particular emphasis on remedial education for struggling students. This internship built on her previous experience in India, where she spent a year teaching remedial math and reading to the children of migrant laborers.

Marvin So

Marvin So

MS in Maternal-Child Health, 2015
Homes For Families, Boston, MA

Marvin organized a community-based participatory research project to examine the family shelter system in Massachusetts. He spent the summer working with the homeless social change organization Homes For Families by training formerly and currently homeless women in data collection, survey design, and social-behavioral research methods. He lead a team composed of Homes for Families Consumer Advisory Board members, staff, interns, and research team members to assess current program structures and gaps in needs and services, and practice modalities in family shelters throughout the state using a mixed-methods approach. The goal of this project was to develop policy recommendations for re-designing this system using a triage-based assessment model interlinked with data from local and federal databases, as well as key findings from surveys/interviews conducted for and by members of the homeless family community. Furthermore, the training and participatory research process constituted meaningful professional and personal development for the women involved.

Cassandra Robertson

PhD 2017
United States Department of Health and Human Services, Washington DC

Cassandra worked on two projects: a preliminary analysis of data from the Promise Zone Initiative and the writing of a research paper on family structure, geography and economic mobility. Her work with Promise Zones included helping with the evaluation and conducting preliminary data analysis on five sites. Cassandra focused on the demographic aspect of Promise Zones, particularly the gendered nature of poverty and the differences in the experience of poverty and disadvantage by gender. She also wrote a paper examining the changes in the geographic distribution of family patterns, specifically single motherhood, and its impact on economic mobility. The strongest predictors of upward mobility are ecological measures of family structure, such as the fraction of single parents in the area. Marital status thus has an effect on social mobility both at the individual level and at the neighborhood level. The importance of the geographic effect of family structure is a new area of study and the paper helped clarify causal effects and reveal new avenues for policy interventions. 

MaryRose Mazzola

MaryRose Mazzola

MPP 2015
The City of Edinburgh Council, Public Protection Partnership, Scotland, U.K.

MaryRose evaluated and made policy recommendations on domestic violence services for the City of Edinburgh Council. She worked under the supervision of the Domestic Abuse Lead Officer for Edinburgh's Public Protection Partnership, which coordinates domestic violence services between the Council and the spheres of health, law enforcement, the judiciary, and the volunteer sector in Edinburgh. The project's goal was to ensure that the city of Edinburgh, as well as the surrounding region, provides the most effective responses to those who need and use these domestic violence services. MaryRose lead consultation exercises with domestic violence service users and providers, managed user focus groups, and created and distributed written questionnaires.

Xi Liu

MPP 2015
National Health and Family Planning Commission, China

Xi worked with "girls' dream," a project that was launched by the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China. Driven by the traditional concept that girls are not as important as boys, many parents in rural country in China force their girls to drop out of school after finishing junior high school to support their family by working in big cities or getting married at an early age. "girls' dream" aims to change the situation and increase the senior high school enrollment rate of female students by making a monthly money transfer to mothers of the families if they send their girls to senior high school. Xi helped to design the project by doing research in China and other countries that have similar programs.

Desmond Lim

MPP 2015
Choson Exchange, North Korea

Desmond conducted a series of workshops and training focused on North Korean females in the area of business, finance, and fiscal policy to better their understanding and knowledge of global entrepreneurship and technology. Working with the Chosen Exchange team to initiate the programs across North Korea, Beijing, and Singapore, he facilitated the administration of training. According to local research, North Korean women are given a low priority in education because of their strong Asian culture and government restrictions.

Jessie  Landerman

Jessie Landerman

MPP 2015
Ministry of Information and Communication Technology, Bogotá, Colombia

Jessie was a David Rockefeller Intern with the Colombian National Government's Ministry of Information and Communication Technology, where she helped develop, implement, and monitor programs that utilize online and mobile technology to fight extreme poverty and close social, education, and income gaps among rural and Afro-Colombian women. Her work included researching the existing utilization and barriers to ICT adoption, analyzing international best practices, guiding the development of digital tools relevant and useful to rural women, and designing outreach and education programs that target them. Jessie also measured and tracked ICT use among various segments of the Colombian population in order to provide comparative racial and gender analyses to inform ongoing policymaking. These findings were not only available to MinTIC, but to all the agencies collaborating on the National Digital Plan, including the Ministries of Agriculture, Housing, Education, Finance, Justice, Transportation, and Social Protection, all of which have extensive initiatives for digital outreach, education, and service provision.

Antonio Labrador  Jimenenz

Antonio Labrador Jimenenz

MPA 2015
UNICEF, Brazil

Antonio worked with UNICEF Brazil to improve its efficiency in dealing with women and children's issues throughout its nine offices and across the different levels of government (federal, state, and municipal). The objective of this internship was to evaluate, design, and set up the implementation of initiatives that could improve UNICEF's performance in the above issues. To do so, Antonio looked for opportunities for improvement in the content of the work (structure, potential overlaps across departments, or areas not sufficiently covered) and the way UNICEF works with partners in government, private sector, and civil society. He also evaluated tools to improve performance, such as supporting databases and IT resources.

Arthur  Bauer

Arthur Bauer

MPA-ID 2015
Centre For Microfinance, India

Arthur interned with the Centre for Microfinance, part of the Institute for Financial Management and Research in India, working on an innovative and multifaceted Harvard-led research project that explores the impact of rural financial services on women's health and economic empowerment. Arthur's work focused around data analysis, field management, and policy engagement. His analysis directly addressed the gender gap as each survey module consists of separated questions for women and men. While working in close collaboration with policy makers, Arthur's contribution to this project helped them understand the effectiveness of financial inclusion as a tool to close the gender wage, health, and social empowerment gaps, and helped them refine future interventions to maximize the economic, health, and social gains of women. As a field manager, he shed light on what could be done to better address research questions and therefore, lead to a better understanding of how microfinance can both improve women's health and economic empowerment.... Read more about Arthur Bauer

Bernardo Garza

Bernardo Garza

MPA-ID 2015
Professional Assistance for Development Action, Kolkata, India

Bernardo conducted an independent research project that looks into the malnutrition status of women living in Indian villages and its possible social, physiologic, cultural, and economic causes. As a basis for this research, he spent the summer working at the Professional Assistance for Development Action (PRADAN) in Kolkata, assisting Self-Help Groups (an informal association of 10 to 20 poor women belonging to the same village and sharing a common socio-economic background) nutrition programs. He conducted interviews to analyze women's knowledge and awareness of their nutrition status, the impact and potential of Government provisions (like MDM, ICDS, PDS etc.) on women's access to nutrition, and the effect of productivity and income enhancement on women's nutrition. The study strove to shine new light on the reasons why a nutrition gap exists between women and men.... Read more about Bernardo Garza

Elizabeth Bennett

Elizabeth Bennett

MPP 2015
Rwanda Development Board, Rwanda

Elizabeth worked alongside the Rwanda Development Board COO, Clare Akamanzi, assisting her in special development projects, with focus on the economic empowerment of women in sub-Saharan Africa. She worked within RDB's Entrepreneurship Development Program, a program that seeks to increase the number of business start-ups in Rwanda, training women and youth on entrepreneurial skills. While in Kigali, Elizabeth also researched the intersection of female governance and economic growth.... Read more about Elizabeth Bennett