Gender & Conflict

2020 Oct 29

The UN, Women’s Movements, and the Post-Conflict Response to Sexual Violence

12:00pm to 12:45pm

Location: 

Hosted Online

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Peace A. Medie | Senior Lecturer in Gender and International Politics at the University of Bristol

The UN has promoted the establishment of specialized criminal justice mechanisms, such as specialized police and gendarmerie units, to respond to post-conflict sexual violence. However, countries have differed in how they have established these units. Drawing on over 300 interviews in Liberia and CÔte d’Ivoire, this talk analyses how factors such as the strength of the women’s movement affects the establishment of these specialized units and the performance of personnel.

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2020 Nov 19

Opportunities and Backlash: Reforms in Women’s Military Service in Israel

12:00pm to 12:45pm

Location: 

Hosted Online

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Orna Sasson-Levy | Professor in the Department of Sociology and the Gender Studies Program, Bar-Ilan University, Israel

Establishing mandatory service for women in Israel in 1948 could signify gender equality; however, the military has maintained a rigid hierarchic gender division of labor for several decades. In the mid-1990s’, following Supreme Court rulings, several combat roles (including pilot course) were opened to women; the Women’s Corps was dismantled; and many courses were gender integrated. Sasson-Levy argues that these reforms had a dual effect: they broadened military opportunities for women, but at the same time led to a backlash of resistance that threatens these hard-won achievements and women’s equality in the military – and in society – in general.

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2020 Dec 03

The Rambo Effect: The Impact of Gender on Misconduct among Security Force Personnel using Experimental Survey Evidence from Four Countries

12:00pm to 12:45pm

Location: 

Hosted Online

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Dr. Sabrina Karim | Assistant Professor in the department of Government, Caplan Faculty Fellow, Cornell University

Under what conditions do individual security personnel engage in abuse of authority?  Building on work that shows that gender and masculinity affect conflict behavior among states, we posit that primes that trigger masculinity as well as beliefs about gender affect individual soldiers' or police officers' attitudes about appropriate behavior.... Read more about The Rambo Effect: The Impact of Gender on Misconduct among Security Force Personnel using Experimental Survey Evidence from Four Countries

2020 Nov 12

Framing the Narrative: Female Combatants, Gendered Symbolism, and Support for Armed Rebellions

12:00pm to 12:45pm

Location: 

Hosted Online

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Dr. Reed M. Wood | Reader in the Department of Government, University of Essex

This talk considers the important roles female combatants and gendered imagery often play in rebel efforts to cultivate and disseminate positive narratives regarding the movement and its political goals. It highlights the frequency with which rebels include images of female combatants in their propaganda materials and discusses why such images can influence external and domestic audiences' attitudes toward the movement.... Read more about Framing the Narrative: Female Combatants, Gendered Symbolism, and Support for Armed Rebellions

2020 Oct 15

The Gendered Implications of War

12:00pm to 12:45pm

Location: 

Hosted Online

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Dr. Kyle Beardsley | Professor of Political Science, Duke University; co-director, International Crisis Behavior data project; Deputy Director, Triangle Institute of Security Studies (TISS)

This talk will consider the ways in which armed conflict can transform women's empowerment over time. It will highlight findings from recent scholarship which suggest that armed conflict can open up opportunities for women's empowerment and civil liberties in the short run, but that significant challenges often prevent the consolidation of those gains. The talk will finally consider the importance of regime change and gender mainstreaming during peace processes as key vehicles of gender equality.

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2020 Oct 08

Gender, War, and World Order: What Explains Gender Difference on Issues of War and Peace?

12:00pm to 12:45pm

Location: 

Hosted Online

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Richard C. Eichenberg | Associate Professor, Tufts University

A consistent finding of public opinion research in the United States is the substantial gap in the views of women and men on issues of war and peace.  Women are less likely to support the use of military force, less likely to support increased defense spending, and more likely to express concern about the human costs of war.  Nonetheless, questions remain.... Read more about Gender, War, and World Order: What Explains Gender Difference on Issues of War and Peace?

2020 Oct 01

Women Defense Ministers as Leaders, Policy-Makers, and Symbols

12:00pm to 12:45pm

Location: 

Hosted Online

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Diana Z. O'Brien | Albert Thomas Associate Professor of Political Science, Rice University

Though the defense ministry has been a bastion of male power, a growing number of states have appointed women to this portfolio. In this talk, we begin by briefly showing that women first access the defense ministry when the portfolio's focus expands beyond traditionally masculine policy arenas (such as war) to emphasize issues like peacekeeping and human rights. We then show that men and women ministers' policy priorities are largely explained by the conditions that bring women into (or keep them out of) office, rather than innate gender differences. Women’s presence is, however, linked to gender-equality policy. Finally, we briefly discuss whether and how the appointment of women ministers affects citizens’ beliefs about the defense ministry. 

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2020 Sep 24

The First Political Order: How Sex Shapes Governance and National Security Worldwide

12:00pm to 12:45pm

Location: 

Hosted Online

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Dr. Valerie Hudson | University Distinguished Professor and George H.W. Bush Chair, Professor of International Affairs, Texas A&M University

The first political order in any society is the sexual political order established between males and females.  How does the character of that first political order affect the security, stability, and resilience of the nation-state? The US Department of Defense funded a research project to answer that very question . . .

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2020 Sep 17

Global prevalence and costs of gendered violence

12:00pm to 12:45pm

Location: 

Hosted Online

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Dr. Anke Hoeffler | Professor of Development Research at the Department of Politics & Public Administration, University of Konstanz; Senior Associate Member, International Peace Research Institute Oslo

In this seminar Anke Hoeffler measures the social costs of violence and expresses them in economic terms. But should a social phenomenon, such as violence, be quantified? Is it not immoral to put a price on people's injuries and lives?... Read more about Global prevalence and costs of gendered violence

2020 Sep 10

Inclusive Revolutions: Why women’s participation in mass uprisings creates a rising tide of change

12:00pm to 12:45pm

Location: 

Hosted Online

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Zoe Marks | Lecturer in Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School

Women have always been key players in history, participating in war and mass movements and also seizing these openings to create social and political change. Yet patriarchy is still pervasive and women are often written out of the histories they help create. This talk examines the crucial role women’s inclusion plays in shaping the success of violent and non-violent uprisings, and the longer-term prospects for equality. Presenting new data on Women in Resistance (WiRe), I argue that women’s participation in frontline roles affects immediate movement outcomes, and also helps to achieve and consolidate gender equality in the years that follow.... Read more about Inclusive Revolutions: Why women’s participation in mass uprisings creates a rising tide of change

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