Gender, War, and World Order: What Explains Gender Difference on Issues of War and Peace?


Thursday, October 8, 2020, 12:00pm to 12:45pm


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Richard C. Eichenberg | Associate Professor, Tufts University

A consistent finding of public opinion research in the United States is the substantial gap in the views of women and men on issues of war and peace.  Women are less likely to support the use of military force, less likely to support increased defense spending, and more likely to express concern about the human costs of war.  Nonetheless, questions remain.  One question is fundamental: what explains this gender difference?  Further, is the gender difference confined to the United States, perhaps because of the prominence of gender issues in US politics generally?  Finally, an interesting question is whether gender difference is confined to issues of war and violence, or whether in contrast they also characterize opinion on a broad range of global issues.

Richard Eichenberg has held grants and fellowships from the Mellon Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the Center for International Affairs at Harvard University, and the Social Science Research Council. Professor Eichenberg's research focuses on public opinion, foreign policy, European integration, and gender politics. His articles have appeared in American Political Science Review, International Organization, International Security, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Mershon International Studies Review, Policy Sciences, Public Opinion Quarterly, and World Politics. Professor Eichenberg is Nonresident Senior Fellow on Public Opinion and Foreign Policy at the Chicago Council on Global Affairs. From 2004 to 2014, he served as an academic advisor for Transatlantic Trends, the German Marshall Fund's annual survey of American and European public opinion on security issues.